physical activity

How does birth weight affect long-term mortality risk in men and women?

The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis describes how fetal growth affects long-term adult health. In recent years, epidemiological studies have identified many factors affecting fetal growth, which in turn contribute to individual differences in the pathogenesis of the disease later in life. Experimental studies have also provided significant evidence that an abnormal …

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The gut microbes’ response to digestion may help explain the risk of cardiovascular disease associated with red meat consumption

Chemicals produced in the digestive tract by gut microbes after eating red meat may help explain some of the higher risk of cardiovascular disease associated with eating red meat, according to a new study was published today in the journal of the American Heart Association Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and vascular biology (ATVB). In the United States …

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Risk profiles in adults with cardiovascular disease are not improving despite advanced guidelines and treatments

In an analysis of medical information from more than 6,000 American adults with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine conclude that CVD risk “profiles” in secondary prevention have been improving in recent years haven’t improved in two decades. Secondary prevention refers to the prevention of recurring cardiovascular events, such as …

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Black individuals may be more susceptible to atherosclerosis at a young age than young Hispanic adults

A unique Mount Sinai study focusing on a multiracial, underserved community in New York City shows that young black adults are twice as likely to have atherosclerosis as young Hispanic adults in a similar situation. Atherosclerosis is a build-up of plaque in the arteries, which can lead to blockage and cause a heart attack or …

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